In the practice of Nichiren Buddhism, we hold juzu beads in our hands while reciting Gongyo and chanting Daimoku.

There are 108 beads in the main body, signifying the 108 Earthly Desires

The 4 smaller beads in the main body represent the 4 Great Bodhisattvas of the Earth….Jogyo, Muhengyo, Jyogyo, and Anryugyo.

The 2 large beads at each end of the main body, are the “parent” beads. The “mother” bead, representing “mystic” is on the side with 3 dangles, and is placed over the middle finger of the right hand. The “father” bead, representing “law” is on the side with 2 dangles, and is placed on the middle finger of the left hand.

We cross the beads in the middle, which shows our oneness with THE LAW. Also, we cross the beads so our benefits do not fall through our hands and lives. By placing the beads on our hands this way, we are accepting the reality that Buddhahood exists within our lives.

When we press our hands together while we hold our juzu beads, our 10 fingers represent the 10 Worlds which fuse together simultaneously in the life of a Buddha, our lives. Our life is now one with the Mystic Law!

The one small bead that sits below the “father” bead, represents Absolute Truth.

Prior to Nichiren Buddhism, there were only 2 dangles on each end of juzu beads. The third dangle, consisting of 10 beads and a "Kosen-Rufu" bead, on the side of the “mother” was added, actually tied on, to signify Nichiren Buddhism and distinguish it from other sects of Buddhism.

On the remaining 4 dangles, there is a differently shaped bead part way down each string. This bead is called the “jar” bead and holds the benefits of our practice.

The 5 larger beads at the bottom of each dangle are the “Kosen-Rufu” beads, and represent our desire to spread Nichiren Buddhism, Kosen-Rufu, throughout the World.


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thank you for sharing this with us...had read signinficance of juzu beads but didnt know a lot of points covered here....thank you:)
thisis a beautiful simple and yet explicit explanation - thank you - deep bow
Thanks Frankie, great explanation!

Thank you sooooooo much for the info!!!

hi frankie! thank u for sharing the significance of beads with us..though i knew little about it but signify so much i didn't hd idea of that..will definately share with co-members....thank u so much
than you that was a nice and detailed explanation
great explanation. very nice to know.
Thank you, Frankie Tham for sharing this interesting information about the significance of the Juzu beads. This is a much more informative information. I have just forwarded this to a number of my Soka Gakkai Malaysia members.
This is awesome. Thank you so much.
Hi Tham,
The reply sent is correct to a great extent. I would just like to add a question. is it appropriate to rub the beeds while chanting daimoku.
Plenty of folks were rubbing their beads together when I first visited an SGI meeting and chanting was underway. I asked about this and was told that it was a way of bringing focus back to the Daimoku when the mind begins to wander.

I have read that the Mother and Father beads, respectively, represent Shakyamuni and Taho. As they come together, S & T are seated together in the Treasure Tower. In this context, Shakyamuni and Taho are embodiments of our subjective experience and ultimate reality. Coming together with our hands, it is very much an embodiment of Esho Funi. I keep this in mind while chanting and find that those "intriguing and exotic accoutrements" I once saw dangling from everyone's hands are a wonderful and profound "machine," very precisely constructed and full of Wisdom.

Even when I'm "out and about" and snag quick Daimoku, simply pressing my palms together, I find that the Juzu are present. There's my beads at home, my hands in front of me but they are "two but not two." I'll even rub my palms together to bring my mind back to the oneness of subjective experience and objective reality or oneness with Daimoku.

Thanks for posting this great information! :)


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